The meaning of the word chakra is spinning wheel. When considered from a yogic point of view, the chakras are a convergence of the human energy, feelings thoughts and physical body. These chakras are the defining factor of how we react to different situations, how we deal with reality, our emotional reactions, our aversions or desires, the amount of confidence we carry and the things we fear.
It is very important to keep the energy flow freely through these chakras at all times for maintaining a healthy mind, body and soul. When this energy gets blocked in a chakra it may lead to mental, physical and emotional imbalance resulting in symptoms such as anxiety, poor digestion and lethargy. The idea is to keep these energies flowing freely and practicing asana and pranayama and other yogic practices regularly can do that.
There are six major chakras in the body mentioned as below:
1. Muladhara- The "root chakra" is situated at the base of the spine almost at the tailbone. It is responsible for the instinctual urges related to food, survival, sleep and sex. It also controls our fears and things we try to avoid.
2. Svadhishthana- The "pelvic chakra" is connected with the reproductive organs, adrenals and genitourinary system.
3. Manipura- The "navel chakra" or the "jewel city" is represented by the color yellow. This chakra is associated with the digestive system as well as personal power, anxiety, fear, introversion and opinion formation.
4. Anahata-TheAnahata or the "heart chakra is associated with the colors pink and green. The main issues associated with this chakra are complex emotions, kindness, compassion, love, rejection and well-being.
5. Vishuddha- The "throat chakra" is represented by the color blue or red. This chakra is associated with speech, hearing and the endocrine glands, which take care of the metabolism.
6. Ajna- The "third eye" or the "command" chakra symbolizes the convergence of two crucial energetic streams in the human body. Ajna corresponds to the colors indigo, violet or deep blue but is officially described as white. This chakra is associated with the pituitary gland, development and growth.
7. Sahasrara- also called the "crown chakra" or the "thousand petaled" chakra symbolizes the state of pure consciousness. This chakra is located on the crown area and is signified by the color violet or white. Sahasrara comprises matter of highest wisdom.
The concept of energetic anatomy and physiology of the ancient sages gives comprehensive approach for the understanding of the holistic health and wellness of the human spectrum from its gross to subtle nature. The element, pranas and the organs of working in the location of each chakra have significant effect on the homeostasis development.
The knowledge of chakras and the practices relevant for their activation will play significant role for the health concepts in Kundalini Yoga. Also, they will be valuable to reach the higher dimensions of Yogic experiences. The classical text on Hatha Yoga curriculum will provide broad base in this journey.